Syncing an external DB with Mesh

This guide will walk you through syncing your own database with a Mesh node so that your database's state mirrors that of the Mesh node (and vice-versa). Whenever new orders are discovered or added to Mesh, they should be inserted into your database. If an order is filled, cancelled, or has its fillability changed, you should update or remove it from your database. We are assuming that your database is storing both the order itself and associated metadata (e.g., fillableTakerAssetAmount).

This guide fairly advanced, and is specifically written for developers who need to sync their own database with Mesh (e.g. in order to join Mesh orders with application-specific data). Note that with the introduction of the GraphQL API, most developers do not need to worry about database syncing. Instead, you can think of Mesh itself as the database for orders and query it directly. If you aren't sure if this guide is for you, try using the GraphQL API first.

Standalone or Browser nodes

This guide is written with both standalone and browser nodes in mind and the process for syncing your database is very similar.

If you are running a standalone node, you will interact with it via the GraphQL API.

If you are running Mesh directly in the browser via the @0x/mesh-browser or @0x/mesh-browser-lite packages, you will interact with it using the TypeScript/JavaScript API.

Initial sync

When first connecting the DB and Mesh node, we need to make sure both have the same orders and order-relevant state stored. We do this with the following steps:

1. Subscribe to Mesh

Subscribe to the Mesh node's orderEvents subscription.

If you are using our TypeScript GraphQL client, you can use the onOrderEvents method.

If you are using the @0x/mesh-browser or @0x/mesh-browser-lite packages, you use the method by by the same name, onOrderEvents.

Whenever you receive an order event from this subscription, make the appropriate updates to your DB. Each order event has an associated OrderEventEndState.

End state

DB operation


Insert or Update



Note: If you receive any event other than ADDED, FILLABILITY_INCREASED, or UNEXPIRED for an order we do not find in our database, we ignore the event and noop.

2. Get all orders currently stored in Mesh

There might have been orders stored in Mesh that your DB doesn't know about at this time. Because of this, you should fetch all currently stored orders in the Mesh node and upsert them in the database. This can be done using the orders GraphQL query.

If you are using our TypeScript GraphQL client, you can use the getOrdersAsync method.

If you are using the @0x/mesh-browser or @0x/mesh-browser-lite packages, you can use the method by the same name, getOrdersAsync.

Orders may be added or removed while you are getting existing orders from the Mesh DB. For this reason, it is important to account for any order events received from step (1) while or after you get the existing orders in this step.

Note: The Mesh Typescript client has a convenience method that does the multiple paginated requests for you under-the-hood. You can simply call the getOrders method.

3. Add all database orders to the Mesh node

Since there might also be orders in your database that Mesh doesn't know about, you should also add those orders to Mesh. We can do this using the addOrders GraphQL mutation.

If you are using our TypeScript GraphQL client, you can use the addOrdersAsync method.

If you are using the @0x/mesh-browser or @0x/mesh-browser-lite packages, you can use the method by the same name, addOrdersAsync.

This method accepts an array of signed 0x orders and returns which have been accepted and rejected. The accepted orders are returned with their fillableTakerAssetAmount and so these amounts should be updated in the database. Rejected orders are rejected with a specific RejectedOrderStatus, including an identifying code. The following codes indicate temporary errors and you may try submitting the order again (typically with exponential backoff): INTERNAL_ERROR, ETH_RPC_REQUEST_FAILED, or DATABASE_FULL_OF_ORDERS. For any other code, the order has been rejected by Mesh and should not be retried. If the order exists in your database is should be removed.

4. Handle dropped connections

After performing the first 3 steps above, your database will be in-sync with the Mesh database, and continue to remain in-sync thanks to the active order event subscription. If any new orders are added to the database, they will also need to be added to Mesh of course. But what if the WebSocket connection to the Mesh node goes down? In that case, it must be re-established and steps 1, 2 & 3 must be performed once again.

Note: With some WebSocket clients, we've noticed that the client is not always aware of when the connection has been dropped. It can be hard for clients to discern between a network disruption and latency. Because of this, our GraphQL server uses GQL_CONNECTION_ACK and GQL_CONNECTION_KEEP_ALIVE messages as described in Our Typescript GraphQL client automatically handles these messages, and most other GraphQL clients will too.

Happy database syncing!

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